Diabetes Mellitus : A Chronic Lifelong Condition Due For Inadequate Insulin Secretion

2107 Words Mar 16th, 2015 9 Pages
Laura Campoy
MED 2056
VNFT30
Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper
Instructor Annabelle
03/16/15

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic lifelong condition due to inadequate insulin secretion. Specialized cells of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin that regulates metabolism. With this hormone, glucose enters the body cells and determines whether blood glucose levels rise or fall. But with diabetes mellitus, your body either produces no insulin, or not enough insulin. There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 which is insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and Type 2 which is non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). According to 2015 Nurseslabs, “Diabetes affects 18% of people over the age of 65, and approximately 625,000 new cases of diabetes are diagnosed annually in the general population.” Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune dysfunction that involves the destruction of beta cells, which produce insulin in the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. The damaged pancreas doesn’t make insulin which results in high blood sugar because a lack of insulin in the blood means inadequate amounts of glucose are taken up by cells. Glucose is the main source of energy for all cells, especially the brain cells. Insulin is necessary for glucose to get into cells and be used for energy production. Once you eat, insulin is released by the pancreas and the blood sugar rises. But with type 1 diabetes mellitus, beta cells of Langerhans are damaged by autoimmune…

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