Diabetes Case Study

1664 Words 7 Pages
One of the fastest growing chronic conditions in Australia is diabetes. About 85% represents Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is still rising in prevalence (Diabetes Australia, 2015). In managing this condition, the focus is to control the blood glucose levels to the normal range as possible in order to prevent further complications. Though, controlling this problem is immensely demanding for individuals with Down syndrome and an intellectual disability (ID). This essay will analyse the health issues and determine the possible effect on Joe’s health and wellbeing. At the same time, it will also assist him to manage his T2DM while concurrently adapting to life with ID. Moreover, it will also examine how Joe’s activity and participation are …show more content…
There is a higher prevalence of impairment, limitations or restriction for people with chronic illness and disability (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2013). Joe is living in a community group home that is supported by staff. Also, he attends a disability-specific day program everyday. As per the U.N. (2006) Convention for the Rights of Person with Disabilities, It is the right of a person to live a sovereign life with the essential amount of support to be involved in all life domains. However, people ID with diabetes who reside within a group setting community have issues regarding their food intake with concern about the choices in the food they would like to have or when they would like to have it. This will negatively impact Joe when it comes to being able to have spontaneous meal whenever he feels like it. Additionally, they have frustration and apprehension concerning diabetes, and the limitations or difficulties that accompany it such as treatment and checking glucose level in front of other people (McVilly, McGillivray, Curtis, Lehmann, Morrish, & Speight, 2014). In terms of activities, Joe is able to do basic self-care task such as bathing, toileting and eating and also involves himself in leisure activities such as going to a restaurant, shopping or cinema. (Dusseljee, Rijken, Cardol, Curfs & Groenewegen, 2011). Due to Joe’s current condition, he is limited to execute task, which will create difficulties in managing his diabetes. Also, based on Joe’s intellectual disability he has a lower type of education. Thus, he is less often employed and has less participation in the community that leads to fewer interactions with others (Dusseljee et al., 2011). Intellectual disability is defined by substantial restrictions in both intellectual function and adaptive behaviour, which cover many everyday social and practical

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