Diabetes : A Long Term Condition Essay

1619 Words May 13th, 2015 7 Pages
Diabetes. Everyone has probably heard about this disease at one point in time, and they most likely have people in their family that is diabetic. Do they really know what it is? Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose, more commonly known as high blood sugar, because of inadequate insulin production, or because the body’s cells are insulin resistant (What is Diabetes?..., 2004). Diabetes is a long-term condition, and once a patient is diagnosed, they have it for the rest of their life. Diabetes can be controlled, and a diabetic can lead a normal life with diabetes.
In 2013, it was estimated that over 382 million people in the world have diabetes according to Medical News Today (What is Diabetes..., 2004). In the US, about 29.1 million people, 9.3% of the population, have diabetes (Diabetes Latest, 2014). There are about 8.1 million people, 27.8% of people, in the United States with undiagnosed diabetes (Diabetes Latest, 2014). There are three different types: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes. Each type has very distinct characteristics. Type 1 diabetics are only 10% of all cases, while Type 2 diabetics are more common in about 90% of all cases (What is Diabetes..., 2004). Gestational Diabetes is the third type a person can get.
“Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. According to…

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