Deviance And Corporate Punishment

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Since earlier times, deviance has been prominent in society. Overtime offenses have gradually been taken more seriously due to a better understanding on the reasoning of crime. Although criminologists theorize the origin of crime, it is still a blurry line on whether the perpetrator should physically be held accountable for his or her life. This ideology can date back to the Code of Hammurabi, where corporate punishment was a form of discipline. Corporate punishment consisted of inflicting any physical pain onto the perpetrator that was measured to the offense. This notion is still present today in modern society, however, is used in certain cases. The most common form of corporate punishment is the Death penalty. When an individual faces Capital …show more content…
If an individual commits a lethal act, the punishment should be appropriate to the crime. For example, retribution requires a proportion between the gravity of the crime and the severity of the punishment (Barr 2010, 3). When a person faces death through the criminal justice system; justice is restored. If the citizens do not resign offenders to their destiny, then there is an apparent imbalance. Some believe Capital punishment is a retributive measure, a way of giving a person a taste of his own medicine while satisfying our deepest instincts for justice (Blecker 2013, 2). These individuals tend to go by the notion if one kills another, that person should face the death sentence. For instance, following the Code of Hammurabi’s diorama of “an eye for an eye”, “it is apparent that real justice requires people to suffer from their wrongdoing, and to suffer in a way appropriate for the crime” (BBC 2014, 1). To many individuals, retribution is not truly served unless the offender receives the ideal amount of torture. Through the death penalty being implemented in numerous of states, retribution has been enabled as a balancing tool between the offender and victim/s. Nevertheless, despite the supposed justice being served to criminals, the standpoint on retribution can alter when the alleged criminal being sentenced to death is innocent. Many cases where suspected criminals are sentenced to death row involve an innocent individual. For example, a study shows that 1 in every 25 “criminals” is innocent, estimating to 4.1% (Levy, 2014, 1). If 4.1% of every 25 individuals are being convicted and punished for a crime he/she is not accountable for, injustice is present in the criminal justice system. Retribution is obsolete when one is wrongfully sentenced to death due to blunders in the legal system. To illustrate, if a prosecutor has low discretion and favors the death penalty,

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