Developmental Interview Of 75 Year Old Arnold Essay
The developmental interview used as a foundation for this paper was conducted with the consent of the interviewee. To protect his identity, he is identified by a pseudonym, Arnold. Arnold was born in 1940—just moments after his twin sister—into a poor farming family near Saint Cloud, Minnesota. Over the course of his life, Arnold has raised a family with his wife of 51 years, spent 20 years in the Navy and a decade as an electrician prior to retiring, invested in relationships with family and friends, and committed his life to maturing in relationship with God. Arnold’s 75 years are first explored using Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development, followed by analysis using Uri Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems theory.
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Arnold’s development can be assessed against the rubric of Erikson’s eight successive stages, or conflicts. Erikson believed that ongoing development is either facilitated or endangered depending on how successful individuals are at navigating the tasks specific to their age-dependent conflict (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). Ways in which Arnold conforms to and diverges from Erikson’s predictions are of particular interest.
Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth to One Year)
During the first stage of ego development, Erikson posits that the normal infant will develop a balance between trust and mistrust. Arnold does not know much about his infancy, but from his description of…