Essay about Development of Nigerian Labour Congress

3492 Words Jul 12th, 2012 14 Pages
BACKGROUND TO THE FORMATION OF NLC
Labour organization in Nigeria dates back to 1912 when the workers in the Civil Service under the then Colonial administration organized themselves into workers representatives. This then became known as the Nigeria Civil Service Union. This led the way for workers in other sectors to agitate for the formation of Trade Unions before and after independence in 1960.
By 1975 during the Military regime of General Murtala Mohammed, Trade Unions in the country had risen to over 1000 which include Mushroom Unions.
In 1976, the Government established a Commission of inquiry into the activities of the various Unions and appointed an administrator to oversee the unions and come up with a structure for the
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The obvious reason is that the leadership of most of the unions had become aristocratic and oligarchic.
This fear is expressed by Otobo (2006) that “Transparency and democratically arrived at decisions tend to reduce incidents of factions and intra- union conflicts…’
Therefore, at the union level, decisions arrived at on a pedestal of transparent and democratic structures ultimately have positive effects on union unity, strength and effectiveness and vice-versa. The extent to which this is possible among the various unions has been affected over the years by intra-union conflicts caused by political maneuverings within the circle of the elitist oligarchy of union leaders.”
In a globalizing world where national economies are affected by the economic fortunes or misfortunes of the developed countries, the strength of trade unions has been severely dealt with (Trebilcock et al, 1998). This is due to competition in the international labour market, various economic and political crises and reforms in the developing countries, and the global financial crises, among other factors.
Furthermore, the inability of developing countries like Nigeria to properly entrench democratic values and institutions has bandwagon effects on the trade unions as constituent members of the larger society or the country.
There is no gainsaying the fact that the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), organization, is

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