Development, Diagnosis, And Symptoms Of Ptsd Essay examples

1146 Words May 1st, 2015 null Page
Development, Diagnosis, and Symptoms of PTSD In concern to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder, there are many aspects that involve how and why an individual would develop PTSD. According to DiGangi et al. it is important to examine pretrauma risk factors to understand how these factors could possibly determine the likelihood of developing PTSD after being exposed to trauma (DiGangi, Gomez, Mendoza, Jason, Keys & Koenen 2013). DiGangi et al. created a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies that assessed pretrauma risk factors, what they discover was that there were a total of six categories that were associated with developing PTSD. These six categories were: “cognitive abilities, coping and response styles, personality factors, psychopathology, psychophysiological factors and social ecological factors” (2013). When considering the categories of cognitive abilities, and coping and response styles, an individual was more likely to develop PSTD when they had negative appraisals about self, ruminated, were emotion-focused, and were avoidant of stressors. An individual whose personality was more neurotic, hostile, trait anger, and trait anxiety had a significant relationship with PTSD. In DiGangi et al.’s meta-analysis, they discovered that psychophysiological and social ecological factors also had an effect on whether or not one developed PTSD. An individual who was more aroused in the sense of having higher levels of cortisol, experienced poverty before the age of…

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