Developing, Transitioning And Developed Countries Essay
World Population is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, despite a net population decline in a number of countries. With the elderly being the fastest growing proportion of populations in numerous countries, people over 65 will outnumber those aged under 5 by then for the first time in human history. (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division, 2015) (National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, US Department of State, 2007).
For the purpose of this paper, the definition of developing, transitioning and developed countries will be that outlined by United Nations (2014) publication World Economic Situation and Prospects 2014: Country Classification. It notes that the European Union (EU), Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland are developed, that Russia is transitioning, and that most countries in Africa, Asia, Latin and South America are developing.
This paper also distinguishes between a population where the average age is increasing, and an aging population, in which there is a greater proportion of older people. The two do not necessarily go hand in hand.
In looking at aging populations, the developmental challenges they pose now and into the future, with particular reference to Europe, this paper has identified that aging populations are occurring around the world and are not constrained to the developed world. This is due to a…