Determining Demographic Characteristics Of Gangs Essay

810 Words Apr 14th, 2016 4 Pages
Recruitment Determining demographic characteristics of gangs is a crucial step in developing an understanding the ways through which gangs throughout the country are recruiting new members. Such focus on the recruitment processes of gangs is a step toward the realization of the real possibility to control the influence of gangs on societies youth. As explained by Thrasher, the archetypal age of juvenile gang affiliates and members is generally between eleven and seventeen, an age distribution, which other scholars such as Curry and Decker have narrowed to between 17 and 18. Continuing with age, other research has shown that peak age for gang association peaks in mid-teen age group. Consequently, schools are used as recruiting grounds. Recent trends also assert evidence that the range of gang members has expanded, resulting in gangs retaining members into young adulthood. Coupled with a visibly weakened economy, a hypothesis that can be offered is perhaps a lack of meaningful employment opportunities, coupled with potentially lucrative gang behavior has resulted the ability of gangs to retain a grip on members longer into adulthood.
Although the early 19th century was dominated primarily by Irish, Jewish, and Italian gangs, “According to a recent national law enforcement survey, the ethnicity of gang members is 48 percent African-American, 43 percent Hispanic, 5 percent white, and 4 percent Asian,” (Curry, 1996). Other researchers, such as Esbensen and Osgood, dispute the…

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