Detection Of Zika Virus : A Global Health Epidemic Essay

1601 Words Apr 18th, 2016 7 Pages
Detection of Zika virus

Introduction: Zika Virus, also referred to as ZIKV, has become a global health epidemic. The World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern earlier this year due to the increase of areas affected by Zika. Originating in the Zika forest of Uganda, ZIKV was predominantly found in areas of Africa and Asia. However, there have recently been reports of more than 36 countries with cases of the virus. (Chen, 1), (CDC)
ZIKV is a single stranded RNA virus that was originally found in a rhesus monkey. Transmission of the virus can happen through two types of modes. The first mode of transmission is through a bite from an infected Aedes mosquito. These mosquitos are considered to be carriers of the virus. The second mode of transmission is carried out through human-to-vector-to-human. In other words, an infected human will transfer the virus through their blood after being bitten by a non-infected mosquito. The mosquito then becomes a carrier and will now pass on the virus to every human it bites. (Chen, 2), (CDC)
ZIKV closely mirrors Dengue fever, which is why many are not diagnosed with Zika. Symptoms include, but are not limited to rashes, fever, joint pain, headaches and conjunctivitis. Several studies have indicated that there is a correlation between ZIKV and Microcephaly. Microcephaly is a medical condition where newborns are born with an abnormal head size. This leads to complications in the life of the child…

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