Describe how the second industrial revolution of the late nineteenth century differed from the first industrial revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.
This paper intends to compare the first industrial revolution of the 17th and 18th centuries and the second industrial revolution of the mid-18th and 19th centuries. It will highlight the transformation from the first revolution to the second revolution, focusing on the presence of giant firms and role of science and technology in economic activities. Additionally, it will introduce the two worldly philosophers Karl Marx and Adam Smith on these issues.
The industrial revolution of 17th and 18th centuries saw the transformation of Britain from a Neolithic …show more content…
Improvement in science was also significant feature in this area, thus, the second revolution saw an evolving scientifically based industry, which helped in chemicals, explosives and ammunition development. Several other chemical compounds were discovered for instance
Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell were the leading team in the discovering of electromagnetic force field theory emphasising the explicit use of scientific