Descartes 's Philosophy : Descartes ' Ultimate Argument Essay

1311 Words Oct 13th, 2016 6 Pages
In the beginning of his First Meditation, Descartes explains how several opinions he had grown up believing and trusting to be true had been false opinions, “and that whatever [he] had since built on such shaky foundations could only be highly doubtful” (First Med. pg. 13, line 1-3). From that point onward, his goal was to discover one thing that is certain and unshakable (First Med. pg. 17, line 34-35). Half way through his thought process, he claims that “it is certain only that nothing is certain”, since his senses cannot be trusted, as they could be constantly deceiving him. In the end, Descartes’ ultimate argument is this: that the existence of his own mind is the basis on which he can build further knowledge. Descartes argues this in a very long, elaborated thought process, explaining why he thinks this, starting from the First Meditation.
Descartes denies his senses and his body, since senses have many times proven to make one feel or see something that is not there. For instance, Descartes gives an explanation of how his sense perceptions have convinced him, through dreams, that he was comfortably sitting by the fire, when he was actually lying asleep in bed. Everything his senses translate to him in his dreams are as convincing and believable as when his sense perception translates to him when he is conscious, which means there is a possibility he could be asleep and dreaming all of the time and not be aware of it. Neither can he perceive the difference between the…

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