Rene Descartes: Proofs For The Existence Of God

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Descartes: Proofs for God existence and the nature of human’s mistakes Rene Descartes, a famous French philosophy, was known as “the Father of modern philosophy”. With his formidable and broad knowledge, Descartes fostered his desire to seek for only true beliefs that were certain and indubitably true. In his work, the Rene Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes reiterated his intellectual process of doubting and questioning all the essences of corporeal and intangible issues in order to accept only what was genuinely certain. Descartes had two most famous studied: the first was his proofs for God existence, which he based on the true of every person has had the notion about the existence of God and the preservation …show more content…
As the previous confirmation, Descartes was a thinking thing or a corporeal object, he definitely has existed. However, he questioned himself that from what source, then, did he derive his existence? (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 78). Descartes then listed out possible ultimate causes for his existence: from himself, from his parents, from whatever things less perfect than God, or from the God. He argued his existence must had been preserved and that the same force and action are needed to preserve anything would be required to create that same thing anew (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 78). Therefore, he rejected that he got his being from himself due to the imperfection and the lack of such power within him to bring about himself and that he depended upon something other than himself (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 79). Another axiom from Descartes stated that “it is obvious that there must be at least as much in the cause as there is in the effect” (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 79). From the axiom, Descartes explained that since he was a thinking thing, what has created him or gave him the existence must also be a thinking thing and also has an idea of all the perfections he attributed to God. Nevertheless, these less perfect things were several partial causes that did not join together in a single being and …show more content…
As Descartes argued, God has been a perfect goodness that God would not deceive Descartes nor given him the sort of faculty with which he could make a mistake (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 81). So, why the mistakes have occurred anyway? As Descartes explained, we humans were born as a kind of middle ground between God-the symbol of perfection; and the nothingness or negative idea that might lead to deceit and error. Far and further humans got in non-being, the more mistakes occurred. Based on this clue, Descartes developed several ideas on why and how humans went wrong. First of all, a privation or lack of knowledge that limited the full understanding of natural perfect that God has placed in humans’ mind. To illustrate this point, Descartes exemplified God as excellent craftsman who created many perfect products, and the mistakes were taken from individual’s side or isolated product, but disappeared as the universe formed (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 82). Then, according to Descartes the nature of errors or defects came from the inconsistence of the faculty of knowing and the free choice of the will (Rene Descartes…Philosophy, Meditation III, 83). Through the intellect, the ideas could be perceived to render a judgment and no error might happen if intellect would have been used properly. In addition, the will or free choice was limited by no

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