Descartes ' Belief On Ficial Doctrine Essay

772 Words Apr 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Descartes ' Myth is a piece written by the esteemed philosopher Gilbert Ryle. Within the article, he argued against Descartes ' notions on the official doctrine. He [Ryle] did indeed contend that the problem of other minds is the result of a deeper problem for the substance dualist, namely that the dualist [Descartes] committed a category mistake. The category mistake was key in disproving Descartes ' original idea [the official doctrine], and aided in establishing another perspective that has support and elaborative enough explanation to be considered true. Then through the philosophy of behaviorism, mental states are explained. Finally behaviorism is introduced into the equation and explains cogently how it avoids the problem of the minds, an issue Descartes seemed to have difficulties with. The official doctrine is an idea that was mostly fabricated by Descartes. The doctrine is also called the “the dogma of the Ghost in the Machine”(34). Ryle 's explanation of the official doctrine is “With the doubtful exceptions of idiots and infants in arms every human being has both a body and a mind. Some would prefer to say that every human being is both a body and a mind. His body and his mind are ordinarily harnessed together, but after the death of the body his mind may continue to exist and function”(32). Descartes invents a ghost inside the machine. The machine in this instance is the body, and the ghost is the mind (/soul). The ghost inside the machine should not exist for…

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