Depression: Depression, And The Characteristics Of Depression

778 Words 4 Pages
While Depression is a word often thrown around by a vast majority of people to describe a current, but ultimately ephemeral and temporary change in mood, it is much more. It represents a clinical health concern for many people worldwide. Understanding for what depression actually is is growing recently, but many still see it only as a sluggish laziness afflicting millions of their coworkers and family members (Oyama & Piotrowski 2015). But when that lazy Sunday blues causes thoughts and even attempts and sadly acts of suicide, it is much more than we give it credit for, and reason for alarm and concern, not blame. Not only that, but the data available about depression is only of cases that are diagnosed, which means only the people well enough to seek help or with friends or family to refer them are counted in this data. In order to diagnose depression, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, IV edition (1994), five out of nine characteristics must be met:
“depressed or irritable mood for most of the day, diminished interest in previously pleasurable activities, significant unintentional weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or hypersomnia,
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Now these different symptoms offer different descriptors of a condition, from an emotional, cognitive, behavioral, somatic, and social perspective. Symptoms such as depressed mood and feelings of worthlessness are emotional, because they describe the hopeful patient’s emotional health. Symptoms like physical agitation and slowness, insomnia or hypersomnia, and fatigue are usually somatic. Thoughts of suicide are cognitive and while diminished interest in previously enjoyable activities can be, it can also function as a behavioral symptom along with excessive weight

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