Dementi Alzheimer 's Disease Essay

1200 Words May 4th, 2015 null Page
Dementia
Dementia Overview Dementia is a term used to define a category of brain diseases that involve a long-term, generally fatal and gradual decrease in a person’s ability to think and function in their daily life, with memory loss being a common symptom (Alzheimer’s Assoication, 2014). The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease, which makes up around 60% of cases, with vascular dementia (25%) and Lewy body dementia (15%) also being prominent causes of symptoms (Alzheimer’s Association, 2014). On a worldwide scale, the number of cases of dementia is around 37 million (Alzheimer’s Association, 2014). Dementia is primarily a disease of old age, with various forms of the disease affecting 5% of the over 65 population and estimates of 20-40% in those older than 85%. Rates are slightly higher in women than in men, although this may be linked to the longer life expectancy associated with females (Alzheimer’s Assoication, 2014). The majority (66%) of individuals living with dementia come from low- and middle-income countries, which is also where the biggest increases in the disease are predicted to fall as life expectancy increases (Alzheimer’s Assoication, 2014).

Dementia in New York City New York City is a diverse city with a wide-ranging population that consists of many types of people. Immigration in New York City as well as a history of being particularly accepting of diversity means that the ethnicity of New Yorkers is diverse. The majority of New Yorkers…

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