Essay on Definition Of Freedom And Equality

2291 Words Apr 19th, 2015 10 Pages
This essay will aim to distinguish whether freedom and equality are derived from natural moral principles or whether modern political institutions created them. To determine this, freedom, equality and natural moral principles must be defined. Freedom should be one’s physical actions, which are free from influence and physically free to do what one wants; equality should be the state of being equal in terms of rights and sharing the same responsibility as members of the modern society; natural moral principles will be the believe of a higher law and teachings of God, the rights to life, justice and property. This will enable a fair analysis of whether freedom and equality root from natural moral principles or political institutions.

The focus should be on whether humans are born with rights that give us freedom and whether that ‘birth-right’ make us equal. Hobbes proposed in Leviathan that in a world without any government, when everyone is living in a state of nature, everyone is essentially the same and equal. However, Hobbes described this state as a world of chaos , as it would be a “war of all against all” (bellum omnium contra omnes). Even though people are born equal, there would be an unimaginable number of disagreements when everyone is fighting for the limited resources in order to survive. Hobbes therefore suggests that people should be born into a society that is under the governance of a sovereign authority, in which people have to abdicate some of their…

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