Decolonization: Causes And Effects Of The Second World War

1580 Words 6 Pages
In 1939, Hitler invaded Poland and Britain together with France declared war on him. This was the start of a war that would span over six years. There was a destruction of property gained during the rise after the First World War. “The products of industry-tanks, submarines, strategic bombing-had destroyed the structures of industry society-factories, ports, and railroads (Joshua Cole 643).” The Second World War is estimated to have claimed 45 -60 million lives. This war is said to the most deadly events to ever grace the face of the earth. The war was fought on many fronts. It was a war between two main political camps on earth; the allies and the axis. The axis was made of Germany, Italy and japan. The allies included Britain and France. …show more content…
These were an effect of modernization which brought awareness to the people who revolted in turn. Uprisings started against the powers in the colonies. The colonies became unstable and the European powers could not handle the situations due to the limitation in the militia men. These unstable situations in the colonies came at the same time. Not forgetting that the European powers were still recovering from the effects of the Second World War, they had to surrender the colonies. A process of giving the colonies their freedoms started and is now referred to as the decolonization process. The process of decolonization started in the year 1776 when the America gained independence from the Britain. The process of decolonization can be said to have taken place in phases dating back from 1776 to 1991, the same year the Soviet Union ended. Decolonization is an area that has maintained the attachment of European countries with the rest of the world to date in many significant …show more content…
This era is referred to as the era of Atlantic revolutions. This is in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Britain’s colonies in New Zealand, Canada, Australia and South Africa began their push for political autonomy from 1839 onwards. The above-mentioned states gained their independence from the statute of Westminster of 1931. The Soviet Union disintegrated between 1985 and 1991. This also falls under the process of decolonization. From the above discussion, it is now clear that decolonization took place in four phases. The end of the colonial rule is coined with revolution, which is the drastic change and transformation of the pre-existing political and social systems. Independent states came into existence after gaining their independence from the European powers. They were no longer under the European governments but now they were under governments they formed on their own. The society in this states had to completely change now that they were no longer under the European rules. The process of decolonization of territories under the Europeans can be said to be fueled by the Soviet Union. This is so because the union provided moral and material support to the movements against the colonial worldwide. Being in the forefront for decolonization of Asia and Africa by the Soviet Union was meant to be a way to win over the states to be formed later against its cold war rival,

Related Documents