Essay on Decision Making During Intimate Partner Violence Cases

766 Words Apr 12th, 2016 4 Pages
Statement of Research Question
Does a defendant’s gender and/or sexual orientation affect jurors’ decision making during intimate partner violence cases?
Does a defendant’s gender and/or sexual orientation affect judges’ sentencing making during intimate partner violence cases?
Rationale
Understanding the mindset of jurors is important when trying to understand how legal system and justice will be implemented within courtrooms. If mental biases are present within jurors, this can affect how justice is granted to defendants and the defendant’s alleged victims. Sex (and gender) can play an important role in everyday society. For example, quick decision about a person can be made based solely on that person’s gender and sexual orientation.
This study will further researchers and practitioners understanding of jury bias; specifically jury gender bias and jury sexual orientation bias. Also, the research will aid the field of legal psychology by providing prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges a better understanding of how their and jurors sex/gender beliefs affects the outcome of a case.
Specify Variables
Experiment 1
Independent variable: Sex (The defendant’s sex)
Dependent variable: The jurors’ decision making
Moderating variable: Sexual Orientation (The defendant’s sexual orientation)
Experiment 2
Independent variable: Sex (The defendant’s sex)
Dependent variable: The judges’ sentencing making
Moderating variable: Sexual Orientation (The defendant’s sexual…

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