Deception Is A Common Behavior Displayed Amongst Individuals Of Varying Age Groups

1909 Words Nov 24th, 2016 8 Pages
Introduction:
Deception is a common behavior displayed amongst individuals of varying age groups. It may take the humblest form of agreeing with a person’s opinion, whereas, we may not agree (e.g., saying we like the color of a dress when we do not) or other forms such as lying about an intense transgression. Deception is also directed toward ourselves (e.g., as to deny what we are feeling, when we really do feel this way). This action is observed in all age groups, however, researchers questioned how old a child must be in order to be able to deceive others and how well are children likely to succeed in deception. The present study findings proposed that a punitive environment not only raises dishonesty in young children, but also their abilities to lie and conceal their transgressions (source). The most commonly used method to study dishonesty in children is the temptation resistance paradigm (TRP) pioneered by Sears, Rau, & Alpert (1965). In this experiment/example, children are instructed by a researcher to not peek at a toy when left alone. However, due to children’s natural inquisitiveness and difficultly in resisting temptation, many children tend to peek. Upon returning, the researcher asked the children whether they have peeked at the toy. This procedure created a representational situation where children are naturally motivated to lie in order to conceal their transgressions which may perhaps be similar to children who tend to lie at home (source).
Past studies…

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