Essay on Dbq: Analyzing Colonial Policies Towards Native Americans

729 Words Aug 24th, 2009 3 Pages
DBQ #1: Using your knowledge of the time period and documents provided, analyze colonial policies toward Native Americans, and discuss the impact of these policies on the relationship between the tribes and the new nation. Even though the American expanders had been dealing with the native Indians for western expansion many years, the difficulties were at their worst between the years of 1750-1800. The British, first settlers in the New World since the Indians, wanted to expand their nation westward, but weren’t really interested in making fair treaties with the Indians after the Indian and French War of 1754.The colonial policies toward the Native Americans effected the Indians in ways that changed their relationship between their …show more content…
This expansion received much resistance from the Indians. This was shown when Indian revolts happened in Georgia and South Carolina, led by Alexander McGillivray. Even though other conflicts continued, the government did nothing to prevent them. Further into the new nation, the Indians still didn’t have a say in the treaties and Congress was still taking over the plan for the future of the new nation. In 1786, Congress declared that they would get “soul and exclusive right and power of managing all affairs with the Indians”. Then the government made decisions that brutally affected the defending Indians. In 1778, Congress ordered Brigadier General Mackintosh “to destroy such towns of the hostile tribes of Indians and terrify the savages”. After the Battle of Fallen Timbers, which was a battle between Americans and a tribal Indian army under leadership of Little Turtle, the Treaty of Greenville was signed. In the Treaty of Greenville, the confederacy gave up vast tracts of the Old Northwest, including most of present-day Indiana and Ohio. The Indians received a payment of $20,000 an annual annuity of $9,000, the right to hunt the lands they had ceded, and, most important, what they hoped was recognition of a sovereign status. The Indians felt that it out some limits on the ability of the United States to decide the fate of Indian peoples. It was stated in the Treaty of Greenville, “ All other treaties

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