Data And Manipulation Of Emotionality With Font Size By Measuring Both Jols And Word Recall

760 Words Mar 17th, 2015 4 Pages
In the present study, experimenters extended on past research in two important ways: by combining the manipulation of emotionality with font size and by measuring both JOLs and word recall. As expected, experimenters saw high affirmations given to JOL prompts for emotional words versus words that were neutral in tone. The results were consistent with past findings in indicating that valence does have an effect on JOLs. Participants use emotionality as an indicator for memorability; they believe that emotional words will be better remembered than neutral ones. Mueller (2014) attributed the high frequency of affirmations given to JOLs for emotional words to a simple theory that is constructed by the individual. This theory suggests that emotional events are simply better remembered than non-emotional events. Participants are thought to have used this self-constructed theory while making their JOLs.
High affirmations were also seen in the perceptual manipulation of font size. Specifically, words presented in a large font size had higher mean JOLs than those presented in a small font size. Researchers attribute this to be theory based as well and similar to that of emotionality. The theory is constructed at the time of encoding when participants are specifically asked to state what they think their future memory performance will be. It may be natural for us to observe stimuli and reinvent a purpose for such stimuli. For example, creating a simple perceptual feature, such as font…

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