Dan Marquiss Abortion

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Dan Marquis proposes that it is wrong to kill a fetus for the same reason that it is wrong to kill a person: killing them would deprive them of their future of value. I want to argue, however, that this reasoning cannot be used to conclude that all abortions are impermissible. In particular, I argue that Marquis does not give us good reason to think that abortions that occur within the first 25 weeks of pregnancy are impermissible. The paper will include two main arguments. Firstly, I will argue that, even if Marquis’s proposal for why it is wrong to kill a person is correct, abortions during very early stages of pregnancy are morally permissible because, in these stages, there is nothing that has a future of value. Secondly, I will argue that …show more content…
Because an abortion involves killing the fetus, abortions are impermissible. But, he also grants that abortions during the first fourteen days after conception are permissible because, “there is an argument that the fetus is not definitely an individual.” Before continuing, it is important to review some medical terminology. Offspring are called zygotes from the moment of conception (fertilization of egg by sperm) to the first mitotic division. They go through many names afterwards (i.e. blastomere, morula, blastocyst) and are referred to as embryos beginning fourteen days after conception to 8 weeks after conception. From this point until birth, they are known as …show more content…
Firstly, the first fourteen days after conception cannot be the only stage of the pregnancy during which abortions are permissible, as Marquis indicates. This is because there is no significant difference between offspring at 13 days after conception and offspring at 15 days after conception. There is nothing that clearly designates an abortion at 13 days after conception permissible and an abortion at 15 days after conception impermissible. Furthermore, fetuses cannot have futures that they value. They are unable to value anything in utero. Because valuing is a subconscious act, not a conscious one, coma patients and suicidal people can value things; if they die, they will lose something. Fetuses, on the other hand, will not lose anything because they do not have any interests. This is an important distinction between coma and depression patients and fetuses that deems it wrong to kill coma and depression patients and not wrong to abort fetuses. For these reasons, it cannot be concluded that abortions are immoral and impermissible from Marquis’s

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