Cyber Security Essay

1297 Words 6 Pages
Annually billions of dollars are stolen in the United States from private individuals, organizations, and governmental entities with the help of cyber-attacks. As a result, the issue of cyber security has a crucial significance for the national security of the U.S. and needs to be addressed appropriately by the competent governmental organizations such as Department of Homeland Security.
Such highly developed country as the United States of America went through complicated process of building strong cyber security system so as to protect interests of nations and the country itself. The word “cyber” is directly connected with the use of a computer. According to Myriam Dunn Cavelty, cyberspace is defined as “a fusion of all communication networks,
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People faced new technological item known as computer. The advent of this machine soon posed real threat to people’s private data. Moreover, the interests of the whole nation were endangered. Media do not seem to react actively. However, in 1983 the break into dozens of high security computer systems such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center was noticed. Such turn of events obtained much coverage in mass media. It was probably the first time when the term “hacker” was used in the context of computer security. Consequently, the U.S. House of Representatives held hearings concerning computer security and passed several laws. What is more, in 1983 the movie entitled “War Games” introduced people with new phenomenon. The film told about hackers. As a result the film brings about massive panics among citizens. The following years were even fuller of the same situations. For instance, in 1984 Congress passed the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. The law claimed the break into computer systems must be considered illegal. In fact, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act appeared as a result of continuous break-ins to government and corporate

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