Culturology And Mythology

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The word “myth” is closely related to the term “culturology”. So, in order to start talking about myths is very important to identify what is culturology. For the majority of the people culturology possesses some degree of uncertainty. Culturology is formed on the bases of the combination of the social and humanitarian knowledge. In other words, culturology is a discipline which tries to understand and explain culture as a phenomenon and trace its development in space and time. Nevertheless, it is impossible to explore culture as a whole entity. It is only possible to study its certain epochs and local manifestations. One of the brightest examples of such manifestations is the myth.
Mythological cognition is different from the scientific knowledge
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It is a well-known fact, that mythology is definitely polytheistic. The myths aspire not only to sort out but also to form the hierarchy of the gods led by the supreme god. Zeus gets the sky and the superiority over the brothers: the sea one Poseidon and the underground one Hades. Not to mention his children: Apollo, Artemis, Athena, Dionysus etc. Yes, Zeus in the consciousness of the Greeks did win his contenders and was identified with the Supreme deity.
The myth historically was the “filling” of a soul of the “primitive” people and remains the same for modern people due to the fact that it reflects the outlook its “authors”. It actually is what we know as theology, philosophy, fiction and science. A man of any primitive society used to mythologize and a modern man creates scientific researches. Therefore our contemporary knowledge is based on the mythological thinking.
Differently, in the beginning it was a question of a myth as of some kind of informative relation, then as of a way of life it presented and eventually of the values which are born by a myth: what is proclaims and what is denies. The myth being a specifically generalized reflection of the reality in the form of sensual representations and the fantastic animated beings, always played a considerable role in religion and religious
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Under some circumstances, the mass consciousness can serve as a base for the distribution of a “social” or “political” myth, but as a whole the mythology as a level of consciousness has historically become outdated.
Various forms of mass consciousness, after a definitive allocation from mythology, still continue to use myth as a “language”, expanding and interpreting mythological symbols in a new manner. In particular, the XX century gives demonstrates the turn of the literature to the side of mythology (J. Joyce, T. Mann, Z. Kotto, etc). Reconsideration of various traditional myths takes place along with the creation of new poetic symbols.
It is very hard to underestimate the role of the myth as it teaches people the lessons of life required and used for them in certain situation. It also provides people with a set structure of the cosmic events that are to be accepted. Historically, a whole epoch of the life of humanity, the formation and the blossom of the ancient civilizations was the kingdom of myth created by the imagination of a man. Imagination is a great gift of nature, a priceless quality of people, and their creative energy. It created such masterpieces as the “Iliad”, “Ramayana” and the ”Aeneis”. Through myths people look for the answers to the philosophical questions, they try to unravel the mysteries

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