Culture Is Recognised As An Essential Element Of The Subjective Experience Of Illness

2177 Words Oct 22nd, 2016 9 Pages
Culture is recognised as an essential element of the subjective experience of illness by describing the ways of life for a group of people to ensure their survival and well-being and shaping the beliefs and values that give meaning and purpose to life (Kagawa-Singer and Blackhall, 2001). The meaning of illness, the usefulness of treatment, and the health behaviour toward disease prevention and control were all influenced by the cultural model of the disease (Coreil, Wilke et al., 2004). The cultural variation in breast cancer experience between the Western and the Eastern cultures let women respond differently.
In the Western countries, there is a high level of breast cancer awareness and uptake preventive and screening measurements lead to high rates of survivors (Torre, Siegel et al., 2016). In the US, women claimed that their prior knowledge of breast cancer, its risks and the benefit of screening has helped them to identify the symptoms and detect breast cancer early (Williams and Jeanetta, 2015). In terms of knowing the biomedical causes of breast cancer, it seems that Western women are interested in having mastectomies as a preventive measure especially for those who are at high risk of developing breast cancer, such as the American actress Angelina Jolie who had a double mastectomy (Parry, 2015). A qualitative study undertaken in the US showed that some women decided to have more surgeries because of their fear of cancer recurrence (Williams and Jeanetta, 2015). This…

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