Cultural Revival And Ending With Political Agitation For National Liberation

2045 Words 9 Pages
Mark Biondich is a professor of the Balkans at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. His book, The Balkans, looks at the region following the decline of the Ottoman Empire. More specifically, he discusses how the contrasting forces of nationalism and foreign intervention have caused the mass violence which are unfortunately synonymous with Balkan history.
Balkan nationalist movements followed a similar path beginning with cultural revival and ending with political agitation for national liberation. In the sixty years between the First Serbian Uprising (1804) and the creation of an independent Romanian state in 1866, rebellions had arisen throughout the region all with the goal of establishing sovereign states. These national movements were heavily reliant on historicism. Balkan historicism wished to reunite the Balkans with Europe, a relationship which had been interrupted by the arrival of the Ottomans. The Greek Revolution in 1830 produced the first independent nation-state to be carved out of the Ottoman Empire. However, it was the Serbians who first revolted against the Ottoman dahis, local janissaries who held corrupt power. . Balkan nationalism was primarily republican, but due to repeated intervention by the great European powers, monarchies headed by foreigners were instead put into place in Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, and briefly, Albania. For the time, Balkan nationalism was incredibly secularist. While the Greek Orthodox Church was instrumental in spreading…

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