Cultural Diffusion

1585 Words 7 Pages
Throughout the development of society, many different influences came into play in the creation of the world as we know it today. Cultural diffusion is known as the spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another, this includes the mixing of cultures through advancements in communication, technology, and transportation. Modern day countries such as the United States, Russia, as well as regions of Asia and the Middle East have roots in different cultures they have come in contact with. The structures of these regions have come from a history of global interactions which have brought them to the state they are in presently. Interactions between cultures have ultimately, shaped the world in which we are currently living …show more content…
In Asia, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan were all influenced by Chinese culture, known as sinification or syncretism. Parts of of Chinese culture and societal structure were implemented into their own. Around the fourth century, the Chinese system of writing was introduced into Japan, this led to development of a bureaucracy, a better form of centralized government. The development of such a system made it possible to recreate legal codes, landholding systems, as well as peasant armies in a very similar fashion to China’s. In a similar fashion, religion also became a heavy influence on culture in Japan. Previously, before the arrival of Buddhism, the local religion was known as “Shinto”. Eventually, Buddhism became another widespread religion throughout all of East Asia, and the Japanese people started to value it more. They brought aspects of both religions together around the ninth century. As time went on, there was a formal division created between Shintoism and Buddhism, however people still acknowledge them together. In this way it is evident that the spread of religious ideas has impacted the culture surrounding religions practices in Japan. Another influence placed on the Japanese was the Chinese patriarchal take on society, which was the complete opposite of the matriarchal society …show more content…
The arrival of Islam to India divided society between Hindus and Muslims. Previously, Hinduism was seen as he most prevalent form of religion amongst people, strictly based around the caste system which allowed little to no upward mobility. With the arrival of Islam, specifically in a variation called Sufism, people of lower castes began to see the appeal in Islam. Rather than having a strcit system based on karma, they liked the idea of an egalitarian view in which everyone was equal. There were no divisions between people. As a result, there were many conversions to Islam from lower class members of society. For a long time, Hindus frowned upon Islam, and as a result reinforced their strict values of the caste system and introduced new and numerous social taboos in an attempt to limit Islamic influence on their people. The position of Inidian women in society was greatly affected by Islamic and Muslim rule. Beliefs spread that the birth of a girl was to be considered inauspicious, and the rate of female infanticide increased among Hindus. Hindu society became focused on preventing Muslims from mixing in with their people (rewrite this), although some of their practices were forced onto Hindus. The Muslim Purda system, which secluded women from men was introduced forcing women to remain bound to their homes in

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