Cultural Diversity In Australia

1749 Words 7 Pages
The development of Australia’s culture and ethnic diversity from 1945 to the present time has been primarily been shaped by the revolution of official government migration policies. The changes in policies allowed waves of many different migrants from all around the world to re settle in Australia. The end of World War II marked a turning point in Australia’s views of migration as Australia thought necessary they make an impact in the new world order. Since then migration policies of cultural discrimination such as the ‘White Australia Policy’ and the ‘Ten Pound Pom’ have been abolished in the making of modern Australia.

European immigration
Australia set out on an aspiring 'populate or perish ' plan to welcome immigration after the war.
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Even after the controversial dictation test was abandoned in the late 1950’s, large amounts of racial discrimination amongst the Australian community was still prevalent. One of the first attempts of introducing a more differing society occurred in 1952. Japanese wives of Australian service men were allowed to resettle in Australia along with 800 non european refugees of war. In the following few years, Australia embarked on a journey to make the nation more welcoming and agreed upon migration schemes with the United States and several European countries. Peter Heydon, the newly appointed Secretary of the Department of Immigration, adopted a new approach in 1961 that sought to expel the obstacles for people from non-European backgrounds to immigrate to Australia. Once the restrictive policy towards non-European immigrants was relieved in 1966, Indian-born migrants made up nearly 19% of the population. In that same year, Hubert Opperman, Minister for Immigration, announced that ‘applications from prospective settlers will be considered on their suitability as settlers, their ability to integrate readily and whether they have qualifications useful to Australia’. Numbers of non european migrants began to gradually rise from around 750 arriving in 1966 to nearly 2,700 arriving in 1971. Since the end of the war, the changes in migration policies …show more content…
Australia signed the 1967 Protocol in 1973 that enlarged the geographical scope of refugee resettlement beyond Europe with the United Nations Refugee Convention.The newly founded encouragement of non european migrants to Australia provided a safe haven for many Vietnamese escaping the Vietnam War, and millions of Cambodians escaping the brutal Khmer Rouge regime in 1975. Most of these refugees first sought asylum in countries that were close to them but as these countries began to run out of resources, humanitarian assistance was desperately needed. Between 1945 and 1976, 1.5 million migrants were born in places other than Britain. The Department of Immigration resettled around 95,000 Indochinese refugees in Australia between the years of 1975 and 1985. Refugees from the former Yugoslavia, East Timor and El Salvador were also given refugee in Australia during the 1980s and 1990s. Australia joined the Comprehensive Plan of Action in 1989, coordinating an international response to persistent outflows of refugees from Vietnam and South-East Asia. Since then Australia has been a part in assisting refugees from various war-torn areas of the world along with gaining popularity to people seeking more economical wealth. By the end of the 1980s, Australia’s population had rose substantially and reached just more than 17 million in 1990. More recent arrivals of refugees from

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