Cultural Dimensions And Tourist Behaviors

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INTRODUCTION According to one article “Hofstede 's Cultural Dimensions and Tourist Behaviors: A Review and Conceptual Framework” in Journal of Economics, Finance & Administrative Science, “Geert Hofstede is the most well-known name in the field of cross-cultural psychology and business” (L. Manrai & A. Manrai, 2011). By looking at the culture dimensions of Canada and the United States, the culture dimension scoring of the two countries are different in some ways. Geert Hofstede’s first four dimensions arose from the studies of various employees within different countries. The data that was collected from the study lead to the creation of the four dimensions: Power Distance Index (PDI), Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV), Masculinity versus …show more content…
Having a score of 39 in PDI Canada reflected the lack of class distinctions in society. Also, it is customary for managers and staff members to consult one another and to share information freely. The PDI deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal and it expresses the attitude of the culture towards the inequalities amongst other people. Power Distance Index is the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that its power is distributed …show more content…
In comparing Canada to the United States I found out that Canada has a higher score in UAI and LTO and was tied with Indulgence. Canada and United States are two of the largest countries in the world. They are friendly neighbor states and share a large border. While both countries are democracies, their style of government is different. French and English are the official languages in Canada, while in the U.S., English is the official language. The six cultural dimensions represent independent preferences for one state of affairs over another that distinguish countries from each other. The country scores on the dimensions are relative, as we are all human and simultaneously we are all unique. In other words, culture can be only used meaningfully by comparison. Geert Hofstede’s first four dimensions arose from the studies of various employees within different countries. The data that was collected from the study lead to the creation of the four dimensions: Power Distance Index (PDI), Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV), Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS), and Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI). Hofstede added the fifth dimension (Long-Term Orientation, LTO) after conducting an additional international study using a survey instrument that was developed by the Chinese. The newest (sixth) dimension became the Indulgence

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