Cultural Competency: The Sunrise Model By Madeleine Leininger

785 Words 4 Pages
Cultural competency is a vital component in the nursing community. Knowing a client’s culture can help in communication, and build a therapeutic relationship. Many different types of nursing cultural competency models have been developed throughout the years, though this essay will focus on the Sunrise Model by Madeleine Leininger. The Sunrise Model is a visual representation of Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory, which is a theory that pioneered many others into developing cultural nursing models. St. Mary Medical Center encourages nurses to combine all cultural models when developing their personal approach to cultural competency (Schickler, 2015). Just like every person is different, every approach to their care should …show more content…
Because of this continuous learning environment, nurses are encouraged to develop their skills as a nurse to fit the needs of today’s society. There is a wide variety of cultures today, making it essential for nurses to learn a wide variety of cultures. With the Sunrise Model, nurses are able to develop their cultural competency skills and climb the Cultural Competency Staircase (Kersey-Matusiak, 2013). At St. Mary Medical Center, I have found skill development primarily through experience. Every client has a unique culture that I am privileged to explore during my shift. The Sunrise Model helps me formulate questions I would like to ask clients during the assessment process in order to organize a care plan specific for them. This allows for growth in cultural diversity and elevation in the Staircase Model (Kersey-Matusiak, …show more content…
A nurse gathers information vital to their client in order to proceed with an individually designed care plan. The Sunrise Model forged a path in the 1950’s for nurses to tailor their care plans even more to provide ideal care for their patients. This model raises awareness to those who use it to ask more precise questions in order to formulate a better care plan. For example, a client has the option to stay another day in the hospital or be discharged with a follow-up appointment with their primary care physician. Without knowing the client’s economic factors, the doctor told the client he is keeping the client for another day. A nurse who has asked the client’s economic and legal factors (from the Sunrise Model) earlier knows that they cannot afford this hospital stay and they have custody of their child tomorrow. The nurse can then become the client’s advocate and urge the doctor to write discharge paperwork for the

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