Essay on Cultural Anthropology : The Integration Of Anthropology
The four fields in American anthropology are usually classified as physical, cultural (or ethnology), linguistics and archaeology.
Cultural Anthropology deals with the aspects of human lives that are learned. It examines the way different groups keep societal control, delegate responsibilities and other such learned behaviors.
Physical Anthropology studies the way humans have evolved over time and how different environmental and cultural influences affected human evolution.
Archaeology is the study of things humans have created in the past.
Linguistics is the study of how languages are formed, evolve and how culture and language interact with each other.
The divisions are made this way for the following reasons. The first is obvious in that it is impossible for a single anthropologist to be well versed in all four at the same time. To the contrary most anthropologists will spend their entire lives studying one small part of one sub-field of one of the above main fields. The four groups although they interact and are helpless without each other makes it much easier to determine where and when one group of anthropologists must pass control to another group of specialists. The only real link between linguistics and archaeology is that humans created both and both are products of a single culture. Anthropology is not a science in the same sense as natural science because the subject matter and its broad scope match more closely with social…