Cultural and Disease Paper

1077 Words Feb 4th, 2011 5 Pages


The disease that I am writing about today is Asthma. This disease is a severe allergic reaction in which the bronchial tubes in the lungs swell and become blocked with mucous. The membranes lining the inner walls of the air passages become inflamed, causing the airways to narrow and making it difficult to breathe. Asthma affects roughly 17 million
Americans. Five million of those affected by this disease are under the age of 18, making asthma the most common chronic childhood disease. That means that roughly 1 in 20 people out of the general American population including children currently suffer from this incurable disease.
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Many parents are not informed about how to properly manage their child asthma attacks. This increase pediatric emergency room visits.

Medicaid had more severe asthma and used fewer preventive medications than all children in

the same managed Medicaid population. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases

in children, with increasing morbidity and mortality. A genetic predisposition and exposure to

allergens have been implicated as major risk factors for the development of asthma. However,

increasing evidence indicates that the mother plays a crucial role in mediating the development

of fetal-infant immune responses to inhaled allergens.

The exact nature and mechanism of this maternal influence and how it might be associated

with the development of allergic sensitization and asthma are not clear. Under normal

conditions the maternal environment during pregnancy promotes an initial skewed immune

response in the offspring which transitions to a non- allergic type response after birth. However

the allergic mother's influence may delay the normal transition to a non-allergic immune

response to inhaled allergens in her children increasing the risk for the development of allergic

sensitization and or asthma. Understanding the underlying mechanisms by which the maternal

immune environment can influence the development of the

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