Crva Case Study Stroke

786 Words 4 Pages
Case Study: CVA
My case study is on Jan a 72-year-old woman who has suffered a cerebral vascular accident CVA or stroke. The damage is showing on her right side which means Jan suffered a left hemiplegia stroke which affects roughly 80% of the individuals who suffer strokes. A stroke occurs when oxygen and blood flow can no longer get to your brain whether it is stopped or interrupted. A stroke can also happen if there is a brain bleed (Alliana Health, 2013). There are two types of strokes hemorrhagic and ischemic, the latter is most common. There are also two main types of ischemic strokes. Thrombotic is the most common, it is when fatty plaque builds and attaches to the artery walls. This fatty plaque becomes thick and forms a barrier blocking
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There are two hemorrhagic strokes intracerebral and subarachnoid. In terms of the intracerebral stroke it is all in the name, intra it is happening in the brain. The blood vessels in the brain have ruptured and the brain is bleeding. As far as the subarachnoid stroke this is where the bleed is happening on the surface of the brain. The blood vessels have still ruptured but we have bleeding between our middle and inner layer of membranes that cover the brain (PubMed Health, 2014). Stroke is the primary cause of death in the United States. Knowing the signs and symptoms of a stroke can save your life. F.A.S.T. is the most important acronym you need to know, Face: is your face drooping, Arm weakness: can you hold both arms level, Speech difficulties: are you having problems talking, and Time: if you are showing any of these symptoms call emergency services and get to the hospital, do not drive yourself (PubMed Health, 2014). Other signs and symptoms might be unexpected weakness, confusion, trouble focusing in one or both eyes, trouble breathing, loss of balance, dizziness, loss of consciousness and sudden onset of headache (PubMed, …show more content…
All of these can be controlled either through diet, exercise or through speaking with your healthcare professional and monitoring your numbers while being on a medication (Alliana Health, 2013). Then there are risk factors that we have no control over because these are in our genes. They are race, age, gender and family history. For example, I am a walking disaster both of my grandfathers had strokes, and heart issues, my grandmothers had diabetes, my father had Lupus, COPD, triple bypass at 43, and died from respiratory issues from COPD. My mother had thyroid CA, and almost every woman in my family has had a hysterectomy before 30 including myself. I also have metabolic syndrome, three back surgeries, arthritis, and Fibromyalgia (Alliana Health, 2013). When I walk into Jan’s room the first thing I will notice will be her speech because I will say hello to her and she might respond in a garbled text. This is called Aphasia which has been affected due to the left side damage to her brain. She may also have problems with listening, reading, writing, dealing with numbers, understanding speech, and thinking of words then talking or writing. She might have language apraxia meaning you know the word you just cannot get it out and put it into a sentence (Alliana Health,

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