Crusades Essay

1265 Words 6 Pages
The Crusades Though they are a dark part of the Christian history, it is still very important to remember how and why the Crusades occurred. The Crusades began first in 1093 when Alexius Comnenus, the Byzantine emperor sent an appeal to the Count of Flanders to ask for help against Muslim turks who had threatened to take over his capital, Constantinople. Over the next 300 years there would be several of different Crusades. (TEXTBOOK, 2009.) Later In 1095 Pope Urban II called for this attack on Muslims for the control of Jerusalem. The amount of Christians willing to fight to attain Jerusalem was very large (history world, 2016.) This is how the first Crusades began. Many different factors tied into the beginning of this bloody holy war. …show more content…
After Urban’s speech in France, troops were sent out to eliminate the Muslims form the holy land and regain Jerusalem. It took about 4 years for the troops to reach Jerusalem. The trail the crusaders used was about 2620 miles long. About 12,000 troops, which was less than one- fourth of the original army, traveled the trails to Jerusalem in 1096 (TEXTBOOK, 2009.) These ancient pilgrims were known as “palmers.” for the most part, palmers used road systems created throughout Europe by the Romans. During the journey, travelers had two choices, to take a route through the Italian peninsula to the ports in Puglia, then onto a ship, or they could travel through the Balkans, to Constantinople, then continue on to Jerusalem on inland highways. On the journey back from the first Crusades, the troops would take the same way back as they took before. The land in this time was very dry and difficult for travel, and the crusaders were not prepared for the journey ahead of them. Disease, dirty drinking water, and heat stroke affected many of the crusaders on the pilgrimage to the holy land (Catchpole, 1989.) This pilgrimage to the holy land by the Christians to Jerusalem is similar to the Hajj in modern day Islam. The Hajj is one of the five pillars that the Islamic religion stands on. It states that Muslims are required once in their lives to travel to Mecca, the holy city …show more content…
Most of Europe was under control of the Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. The Crusades helped to break down the feudal aristocracy, giving more power to the kings and the people. Many of the nobles that set out on the journey did not return, which gave more land to the Royals of that time. (Alchin, 2014.) Crusades caused changes in nation’s relationships with each other, and even new political states were made because of it. During the first Crusade, emperor Alexius A forces all crusading general to take an oath to return all recovered land to the Byzantine Empire, but once some troops saw Alexius flee from a siege at one of the first cities, the Crusaders lost respect for their emperor and did not return land to the Byzantine empire. Because of this, four Crusader states were created to be controlled by the kingdom of Jerusalem, the county of Edessa, the principality of Antioch, and the county of Tripoli. Unfortunately the leadership in these Crusader states was inadequate and was quickly taken back by Muslim forces. (Edmonds, 2016.) Without good leadership, all attempts to take over new land would

Related Documents