Critically Compare How the Nature-Nurture Debate Has Been Addressed by Three Different Researchers or Schools or Thought in Psychology and/or Philosophy. at Least One of the Researchers/Schools Must Have Been Active Before the 20th Century.

2289 Words Mar 4th, 2013 10 Pages
Critically compare how the nature-nurture debate has been addressed by three different researchers or schools or thought in Psychology and/or Philosophy. At least one of the researchers/schools must have been active before the 20th century.

Theories whose fundamental understanding of human behaviour focuses on characteristics in which, we are born with like our genetic make-up, stable personality traits, and physical predispositions are Naturists. In contrast theorists who are on the nurture side of this debate argue that human behaviour is a result of life experiences that mould and change through one’s life such as how one is reared by their parents, what one is educated in school and one’s culture. The nature vs. nurture debate can
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As technology has moved on and there has been more discoveries made, scientists are still no position to fathom a number that represents how much of one’s capacity is nature or nurture induced. Wallace believed that nurture is predominantly the major facet that compromises of one’s identity which Darwin refuted and argued that without nature and genetic dispositions the human form as we know it would not exist. Wallace also disagreed with Darwin on the idea that sexual selection was a major evolutionary force but argued that natural selection was a sufficient explanation. Wallace also couldn’t comprehend Darwin’s idea that the human mind could be explained by natural selection. However modern studies have shown that sexual selection is of massive importance in human evolution and that the human mind can be treated as a direct product or by-product, of selection just as any other trait can. This suggests that an individual who is doesn’t follow the norms and values set in society can defend themselves by arguing that it is nature that made them so, which is absurd and one the main criticisms of the nature side of the debate. As Saint Thomas Aquinas said "... This is the first precept of the law is that good is to be done and promoted, and evil is to be avoided." However Locke argued that nature was not our major factor in deciding who we are and argued that how

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