Critical Reasoning Essay

4775 Words Dec 12th, 2015 20 Pages
Critical reasoning – is both active and open to alternative points of view
Passive reading/listening – writing down notes in lecture, you are passive in the sense that you don’t evaluate which statements to accept and which to reject and you don’t consider the speakers pattern of reasoning.
Mere disagreement – is both critical and active but is not open to alternative views. You enter with your own established beliefs already in mind.
Cooperative enterprise – two people have opposing views; one person sets his beliefs aside and help the other to strengthen his argument.
Critical reasoning misconceptions – it’s too rigid or linear, it supposes that there is a right and wrong point of view.
Argument – reasons for believing something or
…show more content…
Note that when we give explanations, we are not trying to prove that anything happens or that anything is the case. We already know that humans walk on two legs and that software can be downloaded. What we want to know is why or how.
This, then, is the difference between explanation and argument. When we give arguments, we are trying to prove or demonstrate something, whereas when we give explanations, we are trying to say why or how something that is already known (or thought to be known) to happen or to be the case happens or is the case. This distinction suggests that the best way to determine whether a passage contains an argument or an explanation is to ask yourself whether the author is trying to prove something or trying to get you to understand why something is the case or how something happens

Deductive argument - has a structure that makes the conclusion follow necessarily from the premises.
Ex. Eliminating plea bargaining would overwhelm the court system with criminal trials. If it would do this, then plea bargaining should not be eliminated. Therefore, plea bargaining should not be eliminated.

Inductive argument – the premise describes a characteristic found in a sample (50 cities). This conclusion asserts that it is likely this same characteristic is true of a larger population.

Argument from analogy – argues that two things are alike in certain respects so they are

Related Documents