Critical Evaluation of Articles by Russel (2005) and Brown Et Al. (2005)] Critical Evaluation of Articles by Russel (2005) and Brown Et Al. (2005)]

3633 Words Feb 10th, 2012 15 Pages
Nottingham University Business School
MSc Programmes

[Research Methods for Finance and Investment]

[Critical Evaluation of Articles by
Russel (2005) and Brown et al. (2005)]

[Konstantin Dambaev]

Student ID: [4158276]
Word count: 3007 (without headings), 3234 (with headings).

COPY [1]
It’s a question of trust: Balancing the relationship between students and teachers in ethnographic fieldwork
Russell, L.

1. The researcher says that “[i]ntense observations in the classroom and playground area were completed … [and] detailed observations were conducted in … lessons” (p.184). What can you infer about the things she observed and the methods she used to record her observations?

The author
…show more content…
Besides, Russell mentioned that even her physical characteristics such as height influenced the result, because shadowing and intense observation methods might be efficient if a researcher is not noticeable and does not significantly affects the behavior of researched. The smallness in height and build let the author to “fade into the background” and reduce the Hawthorne or observer effect, when researcher affects the result of the study (Mintzberg, 1973; Shipman, 1997).

While the age can be considered as great advantage, the influence of the gender can be more controversial question. On the one hand, it was argued, that female ethnographers usually achieve closer relationship as they are thought to be more opened to emotional communication (Troman, 2000). But on the other hand, being female means that a researcher can experience changes in male students` behavior, try to impress or even flirt with female researcher. Therefore, gender impact can have negative consequences and lead to distortion of results.

However, even if the ethnographer is absolutely different from the researched it can act like an advantage. For instance, Czarniawska (2007) mentions the term “outsideness” (provided by Russian sociologist Bakhtin) which stands for approach of acquiring additional information

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