Critical Analysis of Three Psychotherapy Approaches: Client-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Psychodynamic Therapy

1828 Words Aug 5th, 2012 8 Pages
Critical Analysis of Three Psychotherapy Approaches:
Client-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Psychodynamic Therapy
Midterm SWG 598 Bridge I

Introduction As social workers, it is our responsibility to use the most effective method of practice to engage our clients, assess their situation, and help them create goals that will produce positive outcomes. Every client will present a unique set of challenges; therefore, the social worker must be careful in choosing an approach that will meet the client’s needs, compliment the skills of the therapist and are in line with the agency’s mission. According to Robert and Watkins (2009), psychotherapy is a therapeutic interaction between a trained therapist and a client that is
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From an economical standpoint this approach can be beneficial to agencies since it will save money on time devoted to practice and more patients can be seen. One limitation of this approach is its inability to deal with clients who are exhibiting self destructive behaviors. If a client cannot access emotional information from their inner self they probably will not be able to find a solution within themselves either. Another limitation is the therapist’s limited use of the client’s environment during assessment and in the goal setting process. The client’s symptoms are influenced by values and norms, and changes take place within a social context.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

“Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that integrates the cognitive restructuring approach of cognitive therapy with the behavioral modification techniques of behavioral therapy” (Roberts, & Watkins, 2009, p. 242). CBT assumes that faulty thinking patterns cause dysfunctional feelings and behaviors, not external things like people, situations, or events (Roberts & Watkins, 2009). The objective of cognitive therapy is to change the client’s negative cognitive patterns which should then change their destructive actions, feelings, and emotions. Theoretically, CBT can be utilized in any therapeutic setting; however, this approach may not be suitable for all clients (Roberts & Watkins, 2009). For instance, clients who do not

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