Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Case Study

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Criteria 1: “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.” (Medicine, 2016) “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is caused by the effect of ethyl alcohol on the developing fetus.” (Ball, Bindler, & Cowen, 2013) The signs and symptoms for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are “poor growth while the baby is in the womb and after birth, decreased muscle tone and poor coordination, delayed development and problems in three or more major areas: thinking, speech, movement, or social skills, heart defects such as ventricular septal defect or atrial septal defect, and problems with the face, including narrow and small eyes with large epicanthal folds, small head, small upper jaw, …show more content…
(Ball, Bindler, & Cowen, 2013)

Criteria 2: Populations affected by Fetal Alcohol Syndrome vary. Women who drink or smoke are more likely to have a child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. In fact, women between the ages of 18 and 44 in Michigan (child bearing age), the percentage of women who drink are 56.8 and who binge drink are 20.2 percent. (CDC, 2015) During a study, it was shown that women who are not married, college graduates, and between the ages of 35 to 44, were using alcohol the most during pregnancy. (CDC, Data & Statistics, 2015) We need to educate adolescents that drinking while pregnant can cause fetal alcohol syndrome and what those affects can do to an infant the rest of their lives. (Ball, Bindler, & Cowen, 2013) The CDC just recently came out with a new aspect stating women between 15 and 44 who are not on birth control should not drink (CDC, More than 3 million US women at risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy, 2016)

Criteria 3: The medical treatment for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are medication, behavior and education therapy, parent training, and alternative
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Some considerations that need to be thought of is the infants/ child’s family. The family will need support and encouragement to help take care of an infant or child with fetal alcohol syndrome. The nurse will also have to consider that the child with fetal alcohol syndrome may have a learning disability and may take longer to explain something and repeat it often. The nursing interventions that should be done for an infant or child with fetal alcohol syndrome are the following. The nurse will assess the infant or child’s weight and height at the beginning of the nurses’ shift. The rationale for this intervention is that infants or children with fetal alcohol syndrome are known for their failure to thrive. (Bartoshesky, 2011) The nurse will educate the parents about how to deal with the infant when they become fussy during the nurses shift. The rationale for this intervention is that infants with fetal alcohol syndrome can be fussy and irritable and this can leading to shaken baby syndrome. (Drugs.com, 2016) Another intervention is the nurse will educate the parents about how alcohol is passed through the breastmilk during the nurses’ shift. The rationale for this intervention is that it is important to prevent the infant for getting more alcohol exposed to them. (Drugs.com, 2016) Another nursing intervention would be the nurse will assess

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