Essay about Criminology

2838 Words Apr 27th, 2015 12 Pages
The media tends to focus its gaze on the crimes of the powerless and neglects those of the powerful: discuss.

Today’s news society is so diverse and challenging, that many and nearly all contemporary issues receive daily coverage by all façades of the media. Some of the most highly debated and discussed coverage topics, including drugs, violence and crime reporting have taken over in incessant media reporting.
Criminology without a doubt is obsessed with the crimes of the powerless at the expenses of the crimes of the powerful. “Law governs the poor and rich rules the law” (Criminology in Pakistan, 2011) intensely portrays the separation in the selective procedure of law to the advantage of certain sections without respect to
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Marxist sociologists such as ‘Frank Pearce Milton, Laureen Snider and Mankoff, see power as primarily being held by those who own and control the means of production. The superstructure reflects the relationship between the powerful and the relatively powerless: the ruling and subject classes’ (Marxism and Crime, 2014). Marxists further argue that when it comes to crime, governments construct and fabricate statistics to suit their needs and purposes. They believe that on ‘average 42% of the statistics presented by the government are false and misleading’. (Marxism and Crime, 2014)

Crimes of the powerful, which include white-collar, corporate crimes and even state crimes, have been around for centuries, ‘ranging from Biblical times right through to the Middle Ages’. (Essex, 2015). So what exactly do we mean by white collar crimes? Edwin Sutherland, (the man who coined the term ‘white-collar crime’) defines it as, ‘crimes committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation’ (Sutherland, 1949:9). It appears to be that society tolerates this far more than other forms of crimes. However, critics notably Paul Tappan argues against this definition, and says ‘white collar crimes are all within the framework of standard business practice’ (Slapper and Tombs, 1999:5).
It is not surprising at all that white-collar crime

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