Criminal Profiling : An Unknown Offender 's Significant Personality And Demographic Characteristics

1478 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 null Page
Criminal profiling designates a process by which evidence, in particular that found at the crime scene, is analyzed with a view to determining probable offender characteristics. (Chifflet, 2015, p. 1). In simpler terms, profiling is used to identify an unknown offender’s significant personality and demographic characteristics through the analysis of their crimes. Although this seems like a legitimate way to catch a criminal, the reliability and use of profiling has deteriorated throughout the years. One source to this deterioration is through media glamorization giving profiling techniques a depicting image. “These depictions are seldom precise and often present a favorable, albeit fanciful, expectation for the technique” (Kocsis, 2003, p. 2)—basically taking away any validity profiling has, giving it a false image. Another source to profiling deterioration is through studies proving that profilers cannot be distinguished between other types of law enforcement. Three studies in particular— Pinizzotto and Finkel and Kocsis, Irwin, Hayes, and Nunn, show the relationship between these two parties. A study done in 1990 (Pinizzotto and Finkel), was one of the first studies to compare criminal profilers and others involved in law enforcement: police detectives. What they did is they took 6 criminal profilers and 6 detectives and gave them two cases to depict. For the homicide case, they showed them fourteen black-and-white crime scene photographs, information on the victim,…

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