Criminal Law Foundations Evaluation Of The Adult And Juvenile Justice System

1464 Words Jan 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Criminal Law Foundations Evaluation
The Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments are a vital part of the adult and juvenile justice system. These Amendments prohibit law enforcement or the government from caring on irrational searches and seizures, hinder law enforcement from forcing an individual to self-incriminate themselves in a case and guarantees an adult the right to a prompt trial by an unbiased jury. In contrast, juveniles are given some of the safeguards that entail the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendment. This because the juvenile justice system is conducted in a more paternal and diagnostic manner.
The Fourth Amendment
Through the Fourth Amendment individuals are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures, detainment, and hinder illicitly seized items from being used as evidence in a criminal case. For the Amendment to be applicable, it depends on the nature of the arrest, the place that has been searched, and the conditions in which the search was executed. When a law enforcement officer violates a person’s constitutional rights under the Fourth Amendment, which includes a search and seizure that has been deemed unlawful any evidence that was obtained during the search and seizure will be excluded from any criminal case against the person whose constitutional rights were violated (FindLaw, 2015). For example, an arrest can be deemed to have violated a person’s Fourth Amendment rights because it was not supported by probable cause or by a valid warrant. Thus, any…

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