Essay about Criminal Justice

2572 Words Jul 30th, 2011 11 Pages
Andrea Ritchie Final Exam

Question 1:

A widespread burden of drug sale crimes has continued to remain a global level problem of police focus. Police policyholders and lawmakers began examining existing resources and emerging police strategies to focus efforts on the sale of drugs on street corners by implementing directed police policies and hot spot strategies to crackdown on crime, ultimately to apprehend offenders and drive the level of drug use down. Several key components are involved in policing to evaluate the police policy/strategy being utilized: inputs, activities, outputs, objective outcomes, and subjective outcomes. Police resources/inputs were allocated and applied in City X through police activities to test policy
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Researchers Spelman & Brown and Antunes & Scott have complied documents highlighting some of the problems of rapid response service. In turn when evaluating the necessity of this police treatment its important to also consider independent variables that may alter the need and/or effectiveness for this proposed treatment such as the types of crimes (involvement or discovery crimes), if the crime requires immediate response, and the potential for citizen delay in contacting the police.

Both Spelman & Brown and Antunes & Scott conducted experiments to answer the proposed question: Do police calls need a rapid response? The results of these two studies are unanimous that most crimes do not require a rapid response for service; Spelman and Brown analyzed the characteristics of citizens when they contact the police across several cities in relation to the low level of high risk crimes called-in correlating to minimal arrests. Their research concludes citizen behavior negatively impacts police ability to effectively perform their role using rapid response service. Spelman and Brown also place emphasis on the types of crime and whether the type of crime negates immediate response, the two main areas of crime being discovery and involvement crimes. Discovery crimes are reported at a significantly higher rate and the criminal actions have been completed before the crime was discovered, and

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