Crime Prevention Challenges

1108 Words 5 Pages
Policy makers face many difficulties when attempting to implement successful crime prevention. Crime prevention can often be met with ‘implementation failures’. Implementation failures are …………… The causes are often varied and include poor design and management. There are several approaches to overcoming challenges to successfully implementing crime prevention. There are three main methods which include, prevention through partnerships, local response to crime and problem solving methodologies. There has been a shift towards delivering crime prevention through partnerships. A rationale for this path encompasses the fact that crime is intricate in nature and needs a logical and multifaceted solution. For example, one single agency cannot manage …show more content…
The SARA model is a four-stage model which includes scanning analysis, response and assessment. Scanning involves the routine scanning and evaluation of the problem. Analysis is dividing techniques to deal with problems. Response involves the implementing attempted solutions to the problems. Assessment is monitoring of the techniques and crime problem and the analysis of the effectiveness of the solution. An alternative to the SARA model is the 5Is model. There are five components to this model which include intelligence, intervention, implementation, involvement and impact. However, it is more complex than this. Operation Moonshine developed by Paul Eckblom utilised the 5Is model. The ‘intelligence’ component of the model involves collecting and evaluating information on crime and disorder problems and their outcome, diagnosing the roots of crime and identify any current risk or protective factors related with criminality. The ‘intervention’ aspect considers the complete scope that could be applied to blocking, disrupting and diminishing those causes (Clarke & Eck, 2003). Implementation involves transforming the intervention principles into practical techniques that involve five stages. The first stage is tailored for the local problem and condition. The second stage focuses on ‘offenders, victims, buildings, places and products’, on an individual or collaborative basis. The third stage involves the designed, …show more content…
It is important in the crime prevention sphere because social and environmental preventions can do more harm than good. Most crime preventions interventions are not analysed. This is due to the fact because they can be difficult to conduct, and may not be a concern for those who sponsored them. A study by English, Cummins and Stratton (2002) revealed that in Australia, less than 10% of 170 State and territory crime prevention programs and projects identified by them had been analysed, We can note several reasons for this. Evaluations can be expensive and time consuming. Further, the political motivation to be seen to do something or showing that they are doing something to meet the public demand is often greater than the motivation or needs to see if something works to prevent crime in the long or short term. A common example is implementing CCTV, but not evaluating whether it has reduced

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