Crime Is Not A New Matter Essays

876 Words Nov 18th, 2016 4 Pages
Today, crime is not a new matter. In fact, crime and violence have been existent in the United States for more than two centuries. We can trace crime all the way to the Old West to the inner cities of the early 1900s. Since then, criminal activity has constantly been evolving along with our nation. In order to protect the safety of the public, government agencies were created for the purpose of combating and deterring crime. Criminologist have placed great emphasis in determining why people commit crime. For this reason, criminologist have generated multiple theories that define why crime occurs. For the remaining of this paper, we will focus on sociological theories, which is broken down into three sub theories; social structure theory, disorganized neighborhood theory, and the social process theory.
Sociological Theories
In the twentieth century, sociological criminology emerged and applied greater importance on external environmental factors that affected the correlation between crime and individuals. For example, poverty and unemployment are social factors that can result in criminal behavior. Famous sociologist, Emile Durkheim, viewed crime as a social phenomenon, which led him to formulate his theory of anomie (Siegel & Worrall, 2014). Durkheim believed that crime was an essential factor in our society, which served as a function of its internal struggle. In his point of view, an anomie meant the absence of rules and social norms, which could result in the…

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