Court Systems Essay

2829 Words Jan 25th, 2013 12 Pages
The U.S. Federal Court system I have chosen the United States Federal Court System as my topic of research. I believe the U.S Federal Court System is paramount to our criminal justice system. Today the Federal Court System is a complex structure of courts and actors working together in an imperfect process to deliver justice. Throughout the years there’s been controversy and debate between the rights of state and federal courts. However, as the dual process evolved they became dependent on each other. Without one or the other, the system will not function properly. The Federal Courts have been a controversial issue since the 18th century. The two landmark decisions that are well known are the Article III of the U.S Constitution and …show more content…
In the United States we use a dual court system, which means that we have one national courts system plus separate court systems in each 50 states and the District of Columbia. The state and federal court systems share some judicial powers, but there are some examples where one crime is punishable under federal law and another crime may be punishable under the state law or vice versa. This to some may seem conflicting, which in some cases can be, but for the most part this allows the federal government to focus on specific crimes that they feel are of higher punishing than those “minor” crimes that can be handled by the states. The separate court systems does add discretion when dealing with crimes at the separate levels and this is why the framers of the constitution created two parts that would work side by side in the criminal justice system so that no offender would face the chances of being punished for the same crime twice which would be called double jeopardy. (America’s Courts and the Criminal Justice Sytem,2009) “The different types of cases a court may here are separated by the power of jurisdiction, this means that the court may decide which case will be heard or disputed. Jurisdiction can be divided into different geographical locations and venues, meaning that someone who has committed a crime in Texas by law cannot be punished for this crime in California or any other state.

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