Essay on Counselling ethics children and young people NZ

1667 Words Sep 27th, 2013 7 Pages
Introduction
This essay will discuss the legal and ethical concerns when working with children and young people. Confidentiality and safety issues will be discussed with relevant consideration as to how these issues may be addressed when forming a relationship with a child and their parents or caregivers. The influences of power, gender, ethnicity and cultural differences when counselling children and young people will be mentioned, with relevant aspects of key human development theories outlined. There are many things to consider when building a therapeutic relationship with a child or young person and potential challenges will be analysed and discussed. Finally, there are many skills needed to effectively communicate children and young
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When building an effective therapeutic relationship with a child or young person, Oaklander (2007) outlines that before the first session, it is helpful for the parents to again describe the problem to the counsellor but with the child present. This way, the child can fully understand why they are there if they have been sent by the parents (or by the school if that is the case). Resistance from the child or young person is a challenge that will occur regularly throughout therapy, particularly in regards to embracing new ideas in which the child would feel uncomfortable doing in a group of peers. Oaklander writes that sometimes the child’s embarrassment inhibits the opportunity for their imagination to flourish freely. In these particular circumstances, she responds according to what she knows of the child; talking encouragingly in a calm, low voice or perhaps adding in such sentiments as “I know this sounds silly, or crazy….but do it anyway”. (Oaklander, 2007, p196). The key to these responses enabling the child to get past their embarrassment is respect. Oaklander hypothesises that not all children are consciously resistant, for some of them may be so inhibited that they need to first experience safe exercises in order to learn to trust the counsellor and experience things that are outside of their ordinary spectrum of comfort. During the initial relationship building phase, the child will watch the counsellor, taking note of

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