Essay on Counseling

5599 Words Nov 15th, 2013 23 Pages


Assoc. Prof. Dr. Quek Ai Hwa
University of Malaya

Career Guidance and Counselling in Malaysia: Development and Trends

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Quek Ai Hwa
Education Faculty, University of Malaya

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


This paper extends a comprehensive presentation of career guidance and counselling in Malaysia by addressing development and trends, which may have implications for Asian counsellors. Attention is drawn on career guidance development in Malaysia which spanned over four decades of practice starting with its introduction into the educational system and progressing as a social service in the Malaysian
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The essence of career guidance and counselling is human development. To the extent that human development is concerned with human well-being then it is not surprising that in Malaysia, career guidance originated in the school system. Retaining this repose in schools, it is reported that career guidance (Llyod, 1986) was initiated in Malaysia as far back as 1939. On a general note, the strengths of guidance services were found to offer potentials for meeting student problems (Tan, 1979) resulting in student well-being. This recognition is documented in the Report on Vocational Education, 1938 which emphasised the necessity of guidance services (Federation of Malaya, 1955) in schools. Maintaining that guidance services are essential in schools, the subsequent years (till the commencement of the Counsellors Act 1998) saw guidance services including career counselling emerging as helping services in the educational system (Quek, 1999a; 1999b; 2000a).

Development And Trends

Following the above perspective this discussion addressess career guidance and counselling as part of mainstream counselling in Malaysia. This approach to career guidance and counselling is reflective of the contemporary development and trends of counselling in Malaysia, namely:

• the introduction of guidance services • the consolidation of guidance and counselling • the emerging counselling profession

Introduction Of Guidance

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