Counseling Ethics & Critical Thinking Essay

1198 Words Dec 3rd, 2013 5 Pages
Logical Analysis of
Ethics and Critical Thinking
Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling 4th ed., Chapter 3
Authors: Kenneth Pope and Melba Vasquez The authors’ main purpose of this chapter is to teach the importance of examining our ethics through the lenses of critical thinking. In general, critical thinking is being able to learn new material with an open mind and having a heightened level of self-awareness of our biases and how our biases impact the analysis of information. A critical thinking approach when applied to the logical analysis of journal articles, chapters or entire textbooks--encourages us to analyze the author(s)’ goals, objectives, issues, observations, facts, conclusions, biases, inferences, assumptions,
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Passive learners think in black and white. Passive learners’ do not make the effort to look deeper or consider options. The passive learner has a tendency to view the world as one dimensional. May the passive learner rest in peace because he/she will not succeed in today’s era of higher order of thinking which most colleges expect. On the same token, professors whom foster critical thinking students must not feel challenged by students who question, share opposing ideas, or present competing evidence. Today’s professor should not confuse a student’s “out-of-the-box” thinking as combative or argumentative. They should view student interaction as an essential part of learning. By doing so, classroom discussions will be invigorating and the ability of viewing a single topic from multiple angles will be encouraged and perceived as relevant in this new type of learning. The key question that the authors are addressing, “is it possible to be ethically perfect?” The problem may be when our code of ethics are written as commandments, “Thou shall not....” we are sure to fall short of 100% compliance. Pope and Vasquez provide an abundance of important information, they discuss in great detail how “we must be aware of common problems in judgement, reasoning, language, and justifications.” This chapter defines and provides examples of the following, 22 logical fallacies: ad hominem,

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